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Diet and nutrition

A varied diet helps prevent respiratory symptoms.

A healthy diet has a positive effect on respiratory symptoms. You should pay special attention to sufficient protein intake and regular mealtimes.

People with respiratory diseases need protein in their diets to maintain muscle mass. This is why you should include things like dairy products, cheese, eggs, meat, and fish in your diet. Make sure that your meals contain enough energy.

In addition to nutritional values, you should also pay attention to regular meal times. The recommended meal schedule includes breakfast, two hot meals and snacks as needed. You can, for example, have a snack in the afternoon and evening.

Nutrition for underweight people

If you are underweight, it is important to make sure that your meals contain enough energy. This means that you can sometimes eat “unhealthy” foods and deviate from what the nutritional guidelines say, as they are intended for people within the normal weight range. The added energy should come from fats or protein, not carbohydrates. It can be harmful if carbohydrates make up a high percentage of your diet.

If you are underweight, you should eat your favourite foods. Salt and sugar can be used in moderation to improve the taste of the food. The energy content of food can be increased by adding oil, milk powder, margarine, or butter, for example. The food should taste good. If you do not eat the food, it has no nutritional value.

Underweight people can use full-fat products. Eggs are a good source of protein. Nuts are also good for you.

If you are underweight, you should follow a regular meal schedule. This means eating small portions frequently. Drink between meals. This way, you will not fill your stomach with fluids, leaving more space for food.

If normal food is not enough to achieve the required amount of energy, you can turn to dietary supplements. Dietary supplements are micronutrient and vitamin products you can buy from the pharmacy. These products usually taste best when served cold. You should bear in mind, however, that dietary supplements are intended to treat malnutrition. Once your weight is restored, you should start eating normal food.

Nutrition for overweight people

If you are overweight, weight loss will improve your health. It is easier to breathe when you are within the normal weight range. Since abdominal fat interferes with the mechanics of breathing, weight loss will relieve shortness of breath. Being overweight also increases the risk of other diseases.

Regular meal times are important in ensuring successful weight maintenance. Long gaps between meals mean that you will become very hungry and crave sweet snacks. It is recommended to eat every 3 to 4 hours. Some of these meals can be snacks, such as wholegrain products, fat-free dairy products, vegetables, and fruit.

Other ways to help weight management include smaller portion sizes and the plate model. In the plate model, you should fill one half of your plate with vegetables and the other half with other food. All meals should include vegetables, root vegetables, and fruits or berries. They fill up the stomach nicely but only contain few calories.

Low-fat alternatives are good for people who are trying to lose weight. The fats in your diet should be soft fats. Steer clear of hard, saturated fats.

Permanent dietary changes are what matter. Patience is the key to successful weight loss. The more reasonable the change, the more likely it will be permanent.

The right rate of weight loss is no more than 0.5 kilograms per week. This way, you will not lose muscle mass. A sudden decrease in muscle mass is harmful because it puts more strain on the lungs and causes fatigue. It also reduces physical activity and accelerates the progression of disease.